How to Install a Wireless Home Security
Wireless home security systems do not typically require
professional installation. In this capacity, they are simpler
than traditional home security systems that can require
complicated wiring by professionals. With the tools lying around
your house, you can probably install your new alarm system by
This short guide is meant to be general information that may
help you decide whether or not a wireless home security system
is for you. When you actually buy an alarm system, you'll want
to pay close attention to the directions that come with it to
insure proper installation.
Wireless Home Security System Installation
Part 1: Planning
The first thing you're going to want to do is figure out where
you want to put the control panel. Typically, it's easiest for
everybody to place it by the door you use most frequently. You
also need it to be near an electrical outlet (don't choose one
that's switch-controlled). Don't pick a space where it's easily
viewed from the door or windows (you don't want would-be
burglars to be able to scope out your system ahead of time).
Next, figure out where the best place is to put your security
and fire sensors. Also choose a location for the inside alarm
siren. Don't put it in an obvious location (where the burglar
could find and destroy it quickly), but don't put it somewhere
where the sound will be muffled wither (i.e. closet, in
Part 2: Control Panel Installation
Position the control panel at the height where it's easy to
access the keypad and read the display. Despite the name
"wireless home security system" there will indeed by a wire
involved in connecting the control panel to the outlet. To avoid
tampering, you should run this wire through the wall (drill
holes behind the control panel and below the outlet, then
connect the two). Most systems will come with a backup battery
in case the plug is unplugged or the power goes out.
Installation could be a little more complicated if you are
installing a monitored home security system. This will involve
also connecting a phone line. Depending on your experience, you
may need to have the alarm company technician help you with this
stage. Consult the instructions that come with the system to
complete installation of the control panel.
Part 3: Siren Installation and Programming
Consult the manufacturer's instructions for directions on
programming the dials on the siren. Typically, you can use a
small screwdriver to set the house code. As with the control
panel, you'll want to plug the siren into an electrical outlet
that isn't switch-controlled.
Part 4: Control Panel Programming
You'll use the control panel's keypad to program the features of
the alarm system. Some systems will come with worksheets to help
you prepare and program the control panel. This will make things
Part 5: Sensor Installation
At this point, it's time to install the alarm system's sensors.
You will have door and window sensors to install. Each will
probably consist of a magnet and a transmitter. The transmitter
gets attached to the edge of the window frame or door while the
magnet should be attached to the window/door.
Some systems come with PIRS (Passive Infrared Motion Sensors),
smoke detectors, broken-glass sensors, and other features. While
these features are not typically difficult to install (a few
screws, some plastic sheetrock anchors), it is important to
place them carefully in order to achieve the best results.
Therefore, you should read the instructions that come with the
alarm system carefully.
Part 6: Test It
The last step is to test your newly installed wireless home
security system. Your control panel should come with a "test"
mode. Make sure to test all of the sensors and all of the
functions of the security system. If everything works, you're
done. You'll want to test your system once a month or so to make
sure everything is in working order.