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How to Install a Wireless Home Security System

Wireless home security systems do not typically require professional installation. In this capacity, they are simpler than traditional home security systems that can require complicated wiring by professionals. With the tools lying around your house, you can probably install your new alarm system by yourself.

This short guide is meant to be general information that may help you decide whether or not a wireless home security system is for you. When you actually buy an alarm system, you'll want to pay close attention to the directions that come with it to insure proper installation.

Wireless Home Security System Installation

Part 1: Planning

The first thing you're going to want to do is figure out where you want to put the control panel. Typically, it's easiest for everybody to place it by the door you use most frequently. You also need it to be near an electrical outlet (don't choose one that's switch-controlled). Don't pick a space where it's easily viewed from the door or windows (you don't want would-be burglars to be able to scope out your system ahead of time).

Next, figure out where the best place is to put your security and fire sensors. Also choose a location for the inside alarm siren. Don't put it in an obvious location (where the burglar could find and destroy it quickly), but don't put it somewhere where the sound will be muffled wither (i.e. closet, in upholstery).

Part 2: Control Panel Installation

Position the control panel at the height where it's easy to access the keypad and read the display. Despite the name "wireless home security system" there will indeed by a wire involved in connecting the control panel to the outlet. To avoid tampering, you should run this wire through the wall (drill holes behind the control panel and below the outlet, then connect the two). Most systems will come with a backup battery in case the plug is unplugged or the power goes out.

Installation could be a little more complicated if you are installing a monitored home security system. This will involve also connecting a phone line. Depending on your experience, you may need to have the alarm company technician help you with this stage. Consult the instructions that come with the system to complete installation of the control panel.

Part 3: Siren Installation and Programming

Consult the manufacturer's instructions for directions on programming the dials on the siren. Typically, you can use a small screwdriver to set the house code. As with the control panel, you'll want to plug the siren into an electrical outlet that isn't switch-controlled.

Part 4: Control Panel Programming

You'll use the control panel's keypad to program the features of the alarm system. Some systems will come with worksheets to help you prepare and program the control panel. This will make things smoother.

Part 5: Sensor Installation

At this point, it's time to install the alarm system's sensors. You will have door and window sensors to install. Each will probably consist of a magnet and a transmitter. The transmitter gets attached to the edge of the window frame or door while the magnet should be attached to the window/door.

Some systems come with PIRS (Passive Infrared Motion Sensors), smoke detectors, broken-glass sensors, and other features. While these features are not typically difficult to install (a few screws, some plastic sheetrock anchors), it is important to place them carefully in order to achieve the best results. Therefore, you should read the instructions that come with the alarm system carefully.

Part 6: Test It

The last step is to test your newly installed wireless home security system. Your control panel should come with a "test" mode. Make sure to test all of the sensors and all of the functions of the security system. If everything works, you're done. You'll want to test your system once a month or so to make sure everything is in working order.

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